Espresso & Co: espresso-based drinks explained simply
To those delighting the various textures and aromas of coffee in all of its glorious forms; to those trying out different cafes seeking the perfect blend to make the start of a working day enjoyable or to savour with breakfast on a lazy weekend morning; to those who can never get tired of experimenting with the vast variety of flavours coming from the unique types of coffee beans, places where the plants are grown, different roasts, grindings, brewing techniques and recipes; to those traveling the world, exploring culture and history through their passion for coffee; to those for whom making coffee means art, chemistry and alchemy put together; to those who know that coffee should only be consumed for pleasure... To the coffee lovers and to those who want to become one.
To create a beautiful and simple graphical guide that would serve as a graphical explanation how different coffee drinks based on espresso are made and what the difference is.
Espresso is a beverage brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee; hence the name espresso. Typically made by using a special espresso machine. Espresso is a relatively thick and concentrated coffee drink and very often used as the base for other drinks. Usually brewed into and served in a small ceramic cup — demitasse (30 mL – single shot of espresso; 60 mL – double shot).
Caffè latte is typically prepared in a 240 mL glass or cup with a standard shot of espresso and filled with steamed milk with about 1 cm layer of wet milk foam on the top. Wet foam, or microfoam, is steamed milk (result of frothing and mixing) with thick, shiny and runny texture and lots of very small, uniform bubbles; often used in latte art.
Cappuccino is made of espresso poured into the bottom third of the cup, followed by a similar amount of hot milk, and the top third is about 2 cm layer of thick dry milk foam; usually served in 150–180 mL cups. Dry foam, or macrofoam, has visibly large bubbles; it comes from more extensive frothing than wet foam, and, instead of being a runny uniformed mix of foam and milk, dry foam is lighter and at the end of frothing there is a layer of liquid milk underneath.
Latte macchiato is prepared by extensive milk frothing with significant amount of light dry foam, pouring it into a glass, and adding a bit of espresso. It features a lot of foam, rather than simply hot milk, and is a layered drink, with espresso poured on the top of liquid milk through the dry foam. Unlike caffè latte, where the emphasis is on coffee, in latte macchiato the emphasis is on the milk.
Caffè macchiato, or espresso macchiato, is espresso stained with a small amount of milk added on top. The milk may be microfoamed. “Macchiato” means “spotted” or “stained” in Italian.
Caffè mocha is one third espresso and two thirds steamed milk with a portion of chocolate added, typically in the form of sweet cocoa powder or chocolate syrup, with a layer of milk froth on top, or, sometimes with with whipped cream instead. May be topped with a dusting of cinnamon or cocoa powder.
Caffè americano is created by adding 30–470 mL of hot water to a single or double shot of espresso.
Long black is an espresso shot added over hot water. A relatively popular drink in Australia and New Zealand. Unlike caffè americano, in long black espresso is added last and therefore the crema (espresso coffee foam) is preserved. Long black is served in smaller cups that americano, which makes it more flavoured.
Flat white is prepared by pouring microfoam over a single or double shot of espresso. It is very similar to caffè latte, and the belief is that the only difference between the two drinks is the vessel in which they are served: flat white is served in a ceramic cup, while caffè latte traditionally comes in a glass.
Cortado (“cortar” means “cut” in Spanish) is an espresso “cut” with the same or a half amount of warm milk to reduce the acidity; usually served in a special glass and metal glass holder.
Caffè breve is an American variation of a caffè latte where a steamed half-and-half (a 50:50 mixture of milk and cream) is added to espresso, served in large cups about 350 mL.
Espresso con panna, which means “espresso with cream” in Italian, is made of a single or double shot of espresso topped with whipped cream.
And that was “briefly”. However, as we all know that a picture is worth a thousand words, there should be a better way to sort and present the information.
Simple diagrams of the drinks are rendered with attention to details about how the drinks are made, which ingredients are used, how big the servings are, what the difference between the drinks is and how they are served. All this in one simple picture, and it should look nice, too!
- The ingredients are colour-coded and placed in the cups in the order that the recipes require.
- The proportions of ingredients are depicted accurately.
- The cups, mugs and glasses are depicted in the styles traditionally used for each type of a drink and in accurate relative scale.
- The drinks are artistically arranged in a rectangular shape with no strict rows or columns.
Espresso coffee-based drinks graphical guide. Subject to the intended use, the picture can be available in any size on request.
The picture can be easily printed on T-shirts, posters, stickers, mugs, bags, magnets or other souvenirs and giftware. Please contact the author if you need a larger image or intend to use the picture commercially.
How to Buy
The “Espresso & Co” design is available for sale as T-shirts, pullover hoodie jumpers, kids clothes, stickers, posters, framed prints, canvas prints, postcards and greeting cards via RedBubble.com .
You can choose the colour and shape of the T-shirt (round neck, V-neck, long sleeve, girly fitted, hoodie, baby and kids size T-shirts, baby lap shoulder clothing).
An example of a round neck women’s T-shirt. Buy from RedBubble.com
Round neck men’s T-shirt example. Buy from RedBubble.com
Long sleeve shirt example. Buy from RedBubble.com
Posters (A2, A1 or A0), framed prints, canvas prints, greeting cards and postcards on dark red background. Buy from RedBubble.com
Posters, framed prints, canvas prints, greeting cards and postcards on bright orange background. Buy from RedBubble.com
Espresso & Co sticker (with dark red background). Buy from RedBubble.com
Espresso & Co sticker (with bright orange background). Buy from RedBubble.com
8 September 2011
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