Is the quality of goods and services getting worse?
How often do you hear that something used to be better? From time to time, most people catch themselves saying “They don't make 'em like that anymore”, or something along those lines. Some laugh that it's just a sign of getting older. To find out whether it is an illusion or reality, I simply had to find some tangible proof. It was quite easy; I just had to think of what I was about to throw away.
I have an old can opener, older than me. However, because its cogwheel and blade became a bit blunt after decades of use, I bought a new one 3 years ago. You can see both of them in this photo:
Now, don't be too surprised: the rusty one is the new one! They were kept together, in exactly the same kitchen drawer and were used by the same people. Of course, there is no sharpness or good performance in the new can opener anymore. The old one does the job much better.
I did not keep the new can opener's receipt and the packaging that promised customer satisfaction and many years of warranty. And even if I did, nobody would believe that I have not stored it in a bucket of salty water somewhere in the garden. So, the relatively new can opener is about to go to the rubbish bin.
Luckily, I did not throw the old can opener out after buying the “new” one. It still works, and does so much better that the rusty rubbish. I will be using the old can opener until I find a quality substitution. If I ever find it.
This example may look petty and insignificant, but it is just the most recent one. I could move on and discuss old garden tools that are indestructible, old furniture made of real timber that serves generations, old cars that run for 50 years, old houses that stand for centuries...
It is becoming increasingly difficult to find quality products. Somebody who says that everything is getting worse may be quite right.
Well, not everything, of course. Some equipment becomes more advanced, the Internet becomes faster (although websites become heavier to counteract that), some materials are replaced with something less toxic... Technology is progressing, making the manufacturing process faster, safer, cheaper and more accurate. Which means we face a mystery: if industrial equipment and technology are more advanced nowadays, why is the quality of goods that are produced with that equipment is worse than years ago? How is it possible that instead of getting better goods and services at a lower price, we get quality degradation?
Manufacturers are saving on raw materials and taking shortcuts
The manufacturers' desire to make bigger profits encourages them to save on the quality of raw materials and take shortcuts. For example, it may not make a big difference for a customer to pay $100 or $101 for a thing X. However, it easily makes a million dollar profit for the manufacturer if they reduce the real cost of each X by $1, produce a million of X, and sell them for the same price. Or, what is even more profitable, reduce the real cost and raise the price at the same time by making a slightly different version of X and attaching a “new & improved” label to it.
Deliberate erosion of quality
Despite the catastrophic long-term consequences, the transformation of the human population into a “throw-away society” can be very profitable in the short term. We buy things, use them for a short period of time before they fail, throw them out and... buy a new replacement.
For example, if a manufacturer produces 10 millions of thing X a year and there are 100 millions of people who want to buy X, it means that in 10 years everybody, who wanted to buy X, will have it. If the X is of excellent quality and lasts for 20 years, the manufacturer will have no market for 10 years out of 20. If the X is of good quality and lasts for 10 years, the manufacturer will always have a stable demand, but without much opportunity to grow. However, if the manufacturer lowers the quality of the X to last for 5 years, they can double their manufacturing capacity and profit.
Now, what if X is crappy enough to last only 3 years? 1 year? 6 months? Throw away, buy a new one, throw away again, and buy the next one... That is how we have become the “throw-away society” with over-pollution and climate change. We often hear that the population of the planet is growing, so there is a desperate need to produce more, cheaper and faster, regardless of the quality. In addition to the excessive global population growth resulting in more consumption and pollution, the current environmental disaster is also a consequence of greed, waste and throwaways.
Many products, no matter how badly made, often display promises of 100% customer satisfaction, money back guarantee, or lifetime warranty. Such promises should not be abused as mere means of attracting customers; they must be a responsibility. Manufacturers often promise long-time warranties and 100% customer satisfaction, but they have done their market research and know very well that the vast majority of their customers won't bother going through the process of return, refund or replacement. Some — because it is cheaper and quicker to buy a new thing than waste time on returning the faulty product, some — because the replacement or repair process involves giving away their personal details (which, in turn, are often used for further market research and new corner-cutting opportunities).
The race to make the cheapest products is bad for both, the consumers and the environment. If something only costs $2, how many people will return the faulty product and get a refund? It all ends up as landfill.
- Choose what you buy carefully and thoughtfully. Do your own pre-purchase research. Decide which properties of the product are important to you and look for them when you are making your choice.
- Talk to people who already tried the product. Read online reviews, but beware of marketing tricks and false testimonials.
- Remember your consumer rights and hold manufacturers accountable for their promises. Return faulty things whenever you can. By doing so, you will get your money back, let the manufacturer know that you do not tolerate bad quality, and reduce the amount of waste.
- Always read the label. Pay attention to the list of ingredients and check the expiration date. Sometimes there are products with better ingredients available for the same price, simply because their manufacturers save on fancy packaging or advertising instead of quality.
- Choose quality over quantity. Remember the wise words
I am not rich enough to buy cheap stuff, but also keep in mind that a hefty price tag does not always guarantee high quality.
- Be aware that the low quality disease is also affecting the non-tangible goods like online services and software programs. Companies are cutting corners and outsource IT jobs, which means they are getting lower quality for lower cost. New websites, online shops, e-government services and Internet banking systems are rolled out as quickly as possible, which often means skipping the thorough testing stage in the software development process. The resulting errors, bugs and security holes can cost their users quite dearly.
For further pondering, have a look at these excellent Australian programmes: The Checkout, to become a savvy consumer, and the War on Waste, to rethink your consumer habits and reduce your environmental footprint.